人教版 高三unit 7 A Christmas Carol

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Unit 7 A Christmas Carol
(Teaching paper)
--Warming up/ listening / speaking
Step I. Introduction of Charles Dickens & his works on the following questions:
1. Have you read any novels by Charles Dickens? What are they?
2. Which of his books do you like best? What's it about?
3. Do you know sth about " A Christmas Carol"?
( You may refer to your English Coaching paper Issue 7 for the answers to the questions above.)
Step II. Listening comprehension:
(1) Listen to the tape and find the best answers to the following:
(2) Listen again and fill in the blanks in the following passage:
III. Speaking
(1) Read the two paragraphs on P. 56 and answer the following the questions:
*What kind of person is Ebnenezer Scrooge?
*What is he interested in ?
*Does he have any friends?
*Does he care about his employees?
*What will happen if some business people only think about making money and profits?
*Why do some people make and sell unsafe products?
IV. Explanation of some language points:
Neither Scrooge nor Marley cares for other people .They don' t care about their employees......
*care for/care about
care for 1)在意,放在心上(常用于否定句,疑问句和条件句中)
One shouldn't act without caring for public opinion.
If you care for my advice, I don't think you should go.
Would you care for a cup of coffee?(来杯咖啡好吗?)
I don't care for riding on a bike very much; I'd rather go on foot.
She has a baby to care for; she can't go with us.
The patients are well cared for in the hospital.
care about 感兴趣,在意
I don't care much about music. (我对音乐不太感兴趣)
She thinks only of herself; she doesn't care about other people.
( 他只想到自己,不关心别人)
She didn't care about when he would leave.
( 他什么时间离开她都不理会)
V. useful expressions and words:
dream about
by the end of
care for / care about
fake food product
make profit / make money
safety measures
food polluted with poisons and bacteria
VI. Home assignment:
Write a passage about the responsibilities of business people towards both their employees and their customers, using the words and phrases on P. 56.

Reading material:
---Reading Comprehension
Step I. Read the story and then find the best answer to the following questions:
1.What kind of man is Mr Ebenezer Scrooge?
A. He is mean. B. He is cold-hearted
C. He is a man with big heart. D. A and B
2.What is Fred like?
A. He looks down upon the poor. B. He is kind-hearted
C. He hates rich people D. The passage doesn't say
3.We can infer from the text that_________________.
A. no rich people want to help the poor.
B. there are still many people poor in the country.
C. Mr Scrooge hasn't given Bob a day off in the end.
D. Fred hates his uncle very much.
4.Why does Lisa want to leave Scrooge ? Because__________.
A. she loves money more than anything else
B. Scrooge pays more attention to money than to her
C. Scrooge' character has changed and differences arose between them.
D. Scrooge no longer loves her.
5.Who makes Scrooge change his attitude toward the poor?
A. Bob B. Fred. C. Santa Claus D. The passage doesn't say

Keys: DBBCC.
Step II: Listen to the tape and paraphrase some difficult sentences and phrases;
1. In the sentence on p. 57 Line 5 “Frost stands on the window.”
The underlined means_________?
A. remains B. rise C. raise D. arise
2. You’ll want all day off tomorrow, I suppose. The underlined means__________.
A. take a holiday B. ask for a day’s leave C. be on duty D. both A and B
3. The sentence “That’s a poor excuse for picking a man’s pocket every twenty-fifth of
December!” on p. 57 really shows_________.
A. Scrooge was a mean but an honest man.
B. Scrooge was a generous and mean person
C. Scrooge was a mean and greedy man
D. Scrooge was a generous and honest man
4. The correct translation for the sentence on p. 58 Line 11 “ Let me leave it alone.” is___.
A. 那我就把它放到后面去吧。
B. 那我就由它去吧。
C. 让我单独谈谈这个问题。
D. 那我现在就不谈这个问题吧。
5. The phrase “badly off” in the sentence on p.58 Line 31 means_________.
A. rich B. poor C. bad D. worse
6. According to the dialogue, the sentence “Alone is what you are, and what you have been.”
really means________.
A. You are always alone without anyone around you.
B. You always like to do things without anyone present.
C. You will always live alone.
D. You are too greedy and mean to have true friends around you.
Answers: ADCDBD
Step II. Language points:
1. I'm freezing, Mr scrooge. Frost stands on the window. My hands are too cold to write.
(Line 5 p.57)
freeze ( froze frozen) vt 结冰 vi使......结冰
Water freezes when the temperature falls below zero centigrade. (结冰 )
Two of the men froze to death.(冻死)
If this frost lasts, the ships in the harbor will be frozen in.(被冰封住)
Smiles froze on his face.
freeze prices freeze his account
freezing 冰冷的,极冷的 frozen 冻了的,冰冻的
It was freezing last night.
What freezing weather!
Is there any frozen food in the fridge?
It's fun to skate on the frozen lake.
2.stand (p.57. Line 5)
1) vi 持续/持久/保持不变
The house will stand another century. (这房子还可以持续一百年)
The law still stands in force. 这条法律仍然有效)
2) vi 处于(某种状况)
The temperature stood at 0℃ yesterday. (昨天是0摄氏度)
Who stands first on the list? (谁名列第一?)
Can you stand the horrible weather there?
She can't stand having nothing to do. 没事干她受不了
3. Anyway, I suppose I will have to let you have it. But make sure to be early in the office the day after. ( p. 57. Line 17)
anyway 1) 此处副词用来转变现有话题,回到先前所说的一个话题上,或将话题转移到 一个令人感兴趣的点上,常译为“不过,话又说回来”
It was nice of you to offer anyway.
Anyway, in the end I didn't wear your jacket.
2)=anyhow 无论怎样,至少
The house was empty and I couldn't get in anyway/anyhow.
Anyway/Anyhow you can try, even if there is not much chance of success.
I'm not sure what time I'll arrive, maybe half past seven or a quarter to eight. ________, I'll be there as early as possible.
A. However B. Thus C. Anyhow D. Therefore (C)
4.Let me leave it alone. ( p.58. Line 11)
leave ...alone
1)=leave as sb/sth is.别管,别惹,别碰
Her father died when she was sixteen, and left her all alone.
Leave me alone. I'm hopeless. (别管我,我没希望了)
I've told you to leave my things alone.
Why can't you just leave me alone?
On account of his illness, he was never left alone.
let alone至于......更不用说
They had not enough food to eat, let alone send their children to school.
leave sb/sth +形容词/副词/介词短语/分词/不定式(做宾补)“让......处于某种状态
填空 That'll leave the whole morning free, won't it?(有空)
He left the room, leaving the lights burning/on.(亮着)
They walked off and left me sitting there all by myself. (坐)
I'm sorry to have left some of your questions unanswered .(没回答)
We mustn't leave it to take its own course.
5. At this festival season of the year, Mr Scrooge, when many of us enjoy abundant comfort, we would like to ask you to open your heart to the poor, whose sufferings are great. Many thousands are in want of basic needs; hundreds of thousands are in want of basic comforts, sir.
(p. 58 Line 25)
1) abundant(=plentiful/rich) 丰富的,充裕的 be in abundant
We have abundant proof of his guilt. 我们有充足的证据证明他有罪。
They had an abundant year last year. 他们去年是个丰收年
Iraq is a country abundant in oil. 伊拉克是个石油丰富的国家。
The country is abundant in minerals. 这国家矿产丰富。
Abundance .n.“丰富"“充裕” in abundance
They live in abundance. 他们过着丰衣足食的生活。
There is food and drink in abundance 有丰富的饮食。
2). want 1) n.[U] 需要;缺乏;贫困
in want of(=in need of)需要 for(from) want of 由于缺少......
He is in want of exercise. 他需要运动
We may one day be in want. 我们将来可能过贫苦的生活
The grass died from want of water。 那些草由于缺水而枯死
2)[cn] 常用复数,意为“需要的东西,必需品;欲望”
He is a man of few wants. 他是个欲望很少的人。
We only have simple wants. 我们只是需要些简单的东西。
联想 in honor of, in memory of, in face of, in time of,
in praise of, in need of, in favor of, in search of
in case of, in hope of,
in charge of/in the charge of, in possession of/in the possession of,
in spite of , at sight of, at thought of
6. be badly off 贫穷 ( p. 58. line 31)
cf. be well off 富裕
My parents were badly off when we were young. 我们小时侯父母很穷
They were worse off than us those years.
He doesn't know when he is well off. 他不知道他什么时候富裕
We are better off now than ten years ago. 我们现在比十年前富裕
7. occupy(occupied)(=to take up; to hold ;to cover; to seize) ( p.58. Line 31)
占(空间,场所,地位);居住于(家, 房间);占去(时间);(军队)占领,占据
Tall bookcases occupy a lot of space in his room.
All the rooms of this hotel are occupied.
The dinner and speeches occupied three hours.
He occupied an important position in the French Government.
The enemy soon occupied the fort. 敌人很快占领了这座要塞
*be occupied in doing/with sth = occupy oneself with/in
正从事于 ...... 忙于......
I have been occupied in reading history books. 我一直专心念历史
He occupied himself with various projects. 他从事种种项目
8. admit( admitted)
1) 承认
admit sth/ doing sth/that...
admit sb/sth to be +adj
我承认我的错误 I admit my mistake
我犯了错误 I admit making a mistake.
我错了 I admit that I was wrong.
我们大家都承认他傻 We all admit him to be foolish.
他承认打坏了窗户 He admitted having broken the window. =He admitted that he had broken the window.
admit sb/sth into/to
She opened the door and admitted the guests into the house.
Children under 18 are not admitted to the film.
be admitted to school/hospital
She had a bad headache and was admitted to hospital this morning.
My sister was lucky to be admitted to Beijing University.
The hall admits (seats/holds) 1200 people.
9.That dates back to the time when we were both poor and content to be so.
content adj.满意/满足/甘愿
be content with sth
be content to do sth
content oneself(n) with sth
Are you content with your present salary?
I'm content to remain where I am now.
We should never content ourselves with book knowledge only.
He contents himself with a simple but peaceful life in the country.
to one's heart 's content 尽情地

1. care for 1)在意,放在心2)想要,喜欢3)关心,照料,照顾
2. care about 感兴趣,在意
3. freeze prices 稳定价格
freeze account 冻结帐户
freezing weather 寒冷的天气
frozen food 冰冻食品
4 .leave ...alone. 别管,别惹,别碰
5. open one’s heart to 向某人敞开胸怀
6. be abundant in minerals.矿产丰富 in abundance 丰富
7. in want of(=in need of)需要
for(from) want of 由于缺少......
in honor of, in memory of, in face of, in time of,
in praise of, in need of, in favor of, in search of
in case of, in hope of,
in charge of/in the charge of, in possession of/in the possession of,
in spite of , at sight of, at thought of
8. be badly off 贫穷 be well off 富裕
9. be occupied in doing/with sth = occupy oneself with/in 正从事于 ...... 忙于......
10. admit sth/ doing sth/that...
admit sb/sth to be +adj
admit sb/sth into/to准许进入场所等,准许......的入场(入学,入会),接纳
be admitted to school/hospital
11 be content with sth 对……满足
be content to do sth 满足于做……,甘心地做…….
content oneself(n) with sth 使……满足
to one's heart 's content 尽情地
12. close up (暂时)关闭 close down (工厂,企业等)倒闭;停播
13. have an eye for有…… 的眼光,鉴赏
14. toast to 为……干杯
15. A Christmas Carol 圣诞欢歌
16. take one’s place (take the place of) 取代,就位
17. of late(recently, lately) 近来
18. go about one’s business 从事某人的事业
19. keep sth in one’s mind 牢记
20. on the contrary 相反
21. terrible fate 可怕的命运
22. have an ambition for/to do sth(power/to come to power)心怀……的野心
a man of ambition 有抱负的人,野心家
be full of ambition 充满野心
be ambitious for/to do sth对(做)……有野心
23. noble aspiration崇高的抱负
24. fall in love with sb be in love with 爱上某人
25. be thrown into prison be put into prison be sent to prison 被关进大牢
26. sentence sb to death 判处某人死刑 beat sb to death starve to death




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